Gamma Hydroxybutyrate (GHB)
GHB (Gamma hydroxybutyrate) classified as a sedative-hypnotic, and was originally developed as a sleep-aid. GHB is swallowed, usually as an odorless liquid, slightly salty to the taste. It has also been found in powder and capsule form.
At lower doses GHB has a euphoric effect similar to alcohol, and can make the user feel relaxed, happy and sociable. Higher doses can make the user feel to dizzy and sleepy, and can sometimes cause vomiting, muscle spasms, and loss of consciousness. Overdoses will always cause loss of consciousness (temporary coma), and will slow down breathing. Sometimes, particularly if mixed with alcohol, GHB can slow breathing down to a dangerously low rate, which has caused a number of deaths
Regular, daily use of GHB can cause physical dependency with harsh withdrawal symptoms.
Mixing GHB with alcohol or other depressants is extremely dangerous and has caused many deaths due to respiratory failure. Passing out while on GHB by itself is also dangerous and potentially life threatening. Driving should be avoided while on GHB. One dose can impair motor coordination by as much as six drinks of alcohol. Also, the effects come on fast and, unlike alcohol, cannot be controlled or paced. Regular, daily use of GHB can cause physical dependency with harsh withdrawal symptoms. However, the effects may not peak for up to two hours, and many overdoses have occurred from people not waiting long enough before taking more. GHB is also illegal and possession can result in long prison terms.
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